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28 Martie 2019
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MEPs and EU Ministers have agreed on a higher target (37.5%) to reduce EU fleet-wide emissions for new cars by 2030.

European Parliament backs new CO2 emissions limits for cars and vans


European Parliament Hemicycle in Strasbourg

Plans to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions from cars and vans by 2030, already informally agreed with EU Ministers, were approved by European Parliament on Wednesday.

MEPs and EU Ministers have agreed on a higher target (37.5%) to reduce EU fleet-wide emissions for new cars by 2030, compared to European Commission’s proposed target (30%). Legislation also sets a CO2 reduction target for new vans (31%) by 2030.

“As Parliament, we strongly fought to safeguard the environmental integrity of the proposal and bring real health, consumer and innovation benefits to European citizens. We achieved this legislation, despite fierce opposition from the car industry and certain Member States, which refused to acknowledge the opportunities that stem from a more ambitious target”, said rapporteur Miriam Dalli (S&D, MT).

Legislation was adopted with 521 votes to 63 and 34 abstentions. It now requires a final adoption by EU Council before publication in the Official Journal.

Social impact of a low-carbon transition

Manufacturers whose average emissions exceed the limits will have to pay an excess emissions premium. By 2023, European Commission will have to evaluate whether or not to allocate these amounts to a specific fund in order to transition towards zero-emission mobility, and to support skills formation for workers in the automotive sector.

Lifecycle analysis

New law demands that the full life-cycle of emissions from cars should be assessed at EU level. Commission will also have to evaluate whether to have a common methodology for the assessment and consistent data reporting, by no later than 2023. If appropriate, legislation should follow.


Transport is the only sector in the EU that did not record any significant decline in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions since 1990. Figures from European Environment Agency show that of all means of transport in the EU, road transport generates the largest share of greenhouse gas emissions (72.9 % in 2016), and is responsible for around 20 % of the EU’s total GHG emissions.

Source:European Parliament Press Service


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